Cognitive Interventions: Positive Reinforcement Introduction Cognitive therapy emphasizes strategies which accept logic and agreement (Parrott, 2003, p. 302). Cognitive therapists recitation various types of techniques in counseling. According to Parrott, these include behavioral assessment, overconfident sustenance, token economies, assertiveness training, modeling, relaxation training, systematic desensitization, and flooding. Therapists may charter one or more of the techniques when working with guests. Diverse processes be applied depending upon the client and types of issues presented. The focus of this paper provide retch upon the use and finishs programme of positivist reinforcement. Discussion will turn back the history, background, techniques, and healing(predicate) goals of positive reinforcement as well as the application of positive reinforcement in two imitate cases. These cases will include an elderly stroke patient who is horrendous of therapy and a teen age client who is working on petulance precaution issues. Both simulations will demonstrate the appliance of positive reinforcement in a step-by-step piecener that stresses the require for reason and logic. History and Background Historically, positive reinforcement was developed by efforts of cognitive therapists and philosophers. Its roots can be traced back to antiquated classical philosophy, Stoicism. Stoicism is essentially a system of morality which, however, is channelize by logic as theory of method, and rests upon physical science as foundation (Stoicism, 2006).
Stoicism is concerned with how we as merciful perceive the events in our lives. ! Some of the more recent expansions in cognitive theories was developed by Albert Ellis: Rational-Emotional Theory (RET) and Aaron Beck: Collaborative Empiricism. Albert Ellis believed that man was responsible for his emotions and actions. Under Elliss theory, illogical thoughts or maladaptive behaviors argon the harvest-time of the mind needed to learn a new stylus or perspective. Aaron Becks theory of Collaborative Empiricism supports the idea that the boldness people feel and behavior is determined by how they... If you pauperization to get a full essay, order it on our website: BestEssayCheap.com
If you want to get a full essay, visit our page: cheap essay